Saturday, November 1, 2014

Gallio, Proconsul of Achaia

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Hello friends! The following is evidence of Gallio, Proconsul of Achaia (Credit given at the bottom of the article :D)

Acts 18:12 (NIV)

12 While Gallio was proconsul of Achaia, the Jews of Corinth made a united attack on Paul and brought him to the place of judgment.

Acts 18 (KJV)

18 After these things Paul departed from Athens, and came to Corinth;
2 And found a certain Jew named Aquila, born in Pontus, lately come from Italy, with his wife Priscilla; (because that Claudius had commanded all Jews to depart from Rome:) and came unto them.
3 And because he was of the same craft, he abode with them, and wrought: for by their occupation they were tentmakers.
4 And he reasoned in the synagogue every sabbath, and persuaded the Jews and the Greeks.
5 And when Silas and Timotheus were come from Macedonia, Paul was pressed in the spirit, and testified to the Jews that Jesus was Christ.
6 And when they opposed themselves, and blasphemed, he shook his raiment, and said unto them, Your blood be upon your own heads; I am clean; from henceforth I will go unto the Gentiles.
7 And he departed thence, and entered into a certain man's house, named Justus, one that worshipped God, whose house joined hard to the synagogue.
8 And Crispus, the chief ruler of the synagogue, believed on the Lord with all his house; and many of the Corinthians hearing believed, and were baptized.
9 Then spake the Lord to Paul in the night by a vision, Be not afraid, but speak, and hold not thy peace:
10 For I am with thee, and no man shall set on thee to hurt thee: for I have much people in this city.
11 And he continued there a year and six months, teaching the word of God among them.
12 And when Gallio was the deputy of Achaia, the Jews made insurrection with one accord against Paul, and brought him to the judgment seat,
13 Saying, This fellow persuadeth men to worship God contrary to the law.
14 And when Paul was now about to open his mouth, Gallio said unto the Jews, If it were a matter of wrong or wicked lewdness, O ye Jews, reason would that I should bear with you:
15 But if it be a question of words and names, and of your law, look ye to it; for I will be no judge of such matters.
16 And he drave them from the judgment seat.
17 Then all the Greeks took Sosthenes, the chief ruler of the synagogue, and beat him before the judgment seat. And Gallio cared for none of those things.
18 And Paul after this tarried there yet a good while, and then took his leave of the brethren, and sailed thence into Syria, and with him Priscilla and Aquila; having shorn his head in Cenchrea: for he had a vow.
19 And he came to Ephesus, and left them there: but he himself entered into the synagogue, and reasoned with the Jews.
20 When they desired him to tarry longer time with them, he consented not;
21 But bade them farewell, saying, I must by all means keep this feast that cometh in Jerusalem: but I will return again unto you, if God will. And he sailed from Ephesus.
22 And when he had landed at Caesarea, and gone up, and saluted the church, he went down to Antioch.
23 And after he had spent some time there, he departed, and went over all the country of Galatia and Phrygia in order, strengthening all the disciples.
24 And a certain Jew named Apollos, born at Alexandria, an eloquent man, and mighty in the scriptures, came to Ephesus.
25 This man was instructed in the way of the Lord; and being fervent in the spirit, he spake and taught diligently the things of the Lord, knowing only the baptism of John.
26 And he began to speak boldly in the synagogue: whom when Aquila and Priscilla had heard, they took him unto them, and expounded unto him the way of God more perfectly.
27 And when he was disposed to pass into Achaia, the brethren wrote, exhorting the disciples to receive him: who, when he was come, helped them much which had believed through grace:
28 For he mightily convinced the Jews, and that publicly, shewing by the scriptures that Jesus was Christ.

Praise The Lord JESUS CHRIST!!!

The Gallio Inscription


Lucius Junius Novatus was the oldest son of the elder Seneca (c. 55 BCE-37 CE) and brother of the philosopher Lucius Annaeus Seneca (c. 5 BCE-65 CE). Gallio, however, carried the name of his adoptive father, Lucius Junius Gallio. His change of family status, however, did not destroy his relationship with the younger Seneca who, in fact, dedicated some of his writings to his brother. Seneca's involvement in the Pisonian plot against the Emperor Nero resulted not only in Seneca's suicide but also Gallio's in the same year.

According to Acts 18:12-17 the Jews of Corinth brought Paul up before Gallio, proconsul of Achaia, on charges that he was persuading residents to worship in ways contrary to the law. The text has Gallio refuse to intervene because the "law" involved as far as he is concerned is Jewish law.

In a thesis at the University of Paris from 1905 Emile Bourget published four fragments of an inscription from Delphi. The inscription clearly mentions Gallio as proconsul (anthupatos) of Achaia and the 26th acclamation of the Caesar. This raises the interesting possibility of dating the event Acts describes. The 26th acclamation of the Caesar should have occurred in the first half of the year 52. Since the proconsul normally served only a year and began his term in the spring, the inscription either refers to a Gallio who has only recently left the proconsulship or, perhaps more likely than this, has been proconsul for a few months. Exactly how Paul's sojourn might relate to that period is difficult to say, and nothing in Acts makes it clear whether Paul faced Gallio at the beginning of his service or toward the end of that service.

Although the inscription does not make the historicity of Acts 18 unquestionable, it does provide an excellent dating for the event described and has encouraged many scholars to use the time of Gallio's proconsulship as a benchmark date for reconstructing Paul's chronology.

The following translation is of the first four fragments only. 


1. Tiber[ius Claudius C]aes[ar August]us G[ermanicus,great high priest (Pontifex maximus), in the 12th (year) of his tribunican pow] 

2. er, (acclaimed) [absolute ruler for the] 26th time, fa[ther of the cou]ntr[y counsel for the 5th time, Censor, to the city of Delphi, greetings.

3. For a long [time] have I been devoted to the city of Delphi and well-disposed from the beg-] 

4. inning, [and] I have always observ[ed th]e worsh[ip of the Pythian] Apo[llo. 

5. But now as for what is said about tho[se qu]arrels among the [cit]izens, of wh[ich Lucius Ju]

6. nius Gallio, my f[riend] and [proco]nsul [of


7. ... still to maintain the previous decree.

(The rest is too fragmentary for meaningful translation.)

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