1 Samuel 1
1 Now there was a certain man of Ramathaimzophim, of mount Ephraim, and his name was Elkanah, the son of Jeroham, the son of Elihu, the son of Tohu, the son of Zuph, an Ephrathite:
2 And he had two wives; the name of the one was Hannah, and the name of the other Peninnah: and Peninnah had children, but Hannah had no children.
3 And this man went up out of his city yearly to worship and to sacrifice unto the Lord of hosts in Shiloh. And the two sons of Eli, Hophni and Phinehas, the priests of theLord, were there.
4 And when the time was that Elkanah offered, he gave to Peninnah his wife, and to all her sons and her daughters, portions:
5 But unto Hannah he gave a worthy portion; for he loved Hannah: but the Lord had shut up her womb.
6 And her adversary also provoked her sore, for to make her fret, because the Lord had shut up her womb.
7 And as he did so year by year, when she went up to the house of the Lord, so she provoked her; therefore she wept, and did not eat.
8 Then said Elkanah her husband to her, Hannah, why weepest thou? and why eatest thou not? and why is thy heart grieved? am not I better to thee than ten sons?
9 So Hannah rose up after they had eaten in Shiloh, and after they had drunk. Now Eli the priest sat upon a seat by a post of the temple of the Lord.
10 And she was in bitterness of soul, and prayed unto theLord, and wept sore.
11 And she vowed a vow, and said, O Lord of hosts, if thou wilt indeed look on the affliction of thine handmaid, and remember me, and not forget thine handmaid, but wilt give unto thine handmaid a man child, then I will give him unto the Lord all the days of his life, and there shall no razor come upon his head.
12 And it came to pass, as she continued praying before the Lord, that Eli marked her mouth.
13 Now Hannah, she spake in her heart; only her lips moved, but her voice was not heard: therefore Eli thought she had been drunken.
14 And Eli said unto her, How long wilt thou be drunken? put away thy wine from thee.
15 And Hannah answered and said, No, my lord, I am a woman of a sorrowful spirit: I have drunk neither wine nor strong drink, but have poured out my soul before theLord.
16 Count not thine handmaid for a daughter of Belial: for out of the abundance of my complaint and grief have I spoken hitherto.
17 Then Eli answered and said, Go in peace: and the God of Israel grant thee thy petition that thou hast asked of him.
18 And she said, Let thine handmaid find grace in thy sight. So the woman went her way, and did eat, and her countenance was no more sad.
19 And they rose up in the morning early, and worshipped before the Lord, and returned, and came to their house to Ramah: and Elkanah knew Hannah his wife; and theLord remembered her.
20 Wherefore it came to pass, when the time was come about after Hannah had conceived, that she bare a son, and called his name Samuel, saying, Because I have asked him of the Lord.
Praise The Lord JESUS CHRIST!!!
Praise The Lord JESUS CHRIST!!!
Gathering To Shiloh
The English word "Shiloh" is a transliteration (transliteration is the rendering of the alphabetic sound of a word from one language into another language; translation is the rendering of the meaning of a word from one language into another language) from the Hebrew word of the Holy Scriptures pronounced shee-lo. "Shiloh" was a town in the land of Israel, first mentioned (as a place) in the time of Joshua when the Israelites entered their physical promised land:
18:1 And the whole congregation of the children of Israel assembled together at Shiloh, and set up the tabernacle of the congregation there. And the land was subdued before them." (Joshua 18:1 KJV)
"4:4 So the people sent to Shiloh, that they might bring from thence the ark of the covenant of the LORD of hosts, which dwelleth between the cherubims [see Christ's Mercy Seat]: and the two sons of Eli, Hophni and Phinehas, were there with the ark of the covenant of God." (1 Samuel 4:4 KJV)"4:10 And the Philistines fought, and Israel was smitten, and they fled every man into his tent: and there was a very great slaughter; for there fell of Israel thirty thousand footmen. 4:11 And the ark of God was taken; and the two sons of Eli, Hophni and Phinehas, were slain." (1 Samuel 4:10-11 KJV)
Shiloh, the town, thereafter became a ruin because of the people's unfaithfulness to the LORD. Centuries later, in the time of Jeremiah, when the people of Judah in Jerusalem (see The Southern Kingdom) again became corrupt (just as The Northern Kingdom of Israel had done a little over a century before that), the fall of Shiloh was referred to in relation to the imminent destruction of Jerusalem, for the same old reason - "see what I did to it for the wickedness of my people Israel."
"7:11 Is this house, which is called by my name, become a den of robbers in your eyes? Behold, even I have seen it, saith the LORD. 7:12 But go ye now unto my place which was in Shiloh, where I set my name at the first, and see what I did to it for the wickedness of my people Israel." (Jeremiah 7:11-12 KJV)
"Until Shiloh come; and unto Him shall the gathering of the people be"
There is a much earlier prophetic reference to "Shiloh" however - not about a town, which was named after the symbolism that it held for the coming Messiah, but about Christ:
49:8 Judah, thou art he whom thy brethren shall praise: thy hand shall be in the neck of thine enemies; thy father's children shall bow down before thee. 49:9 Judah is a lion's whelp: from the prey, my son, thou art gone up: he stooped down, he couched as a lion, and as an old lion; who shall rouse him up?49:10 The sceptre shall not depart from Judah, nor a lawgiver from between his feet, until Shiloh come; and unto him shall the gathering of the people be. 49:11 Binding his foal unto the vine, and his ass's colt [see The Messiah's Triumphal Entry Into The Temple] unto the choice vine; he washed his garments in wine, and his clothes in the blood of grapes" (Genesis 49:8-11 KJV)
The meaning of the Hebrew word "Shiloh" is derived from a Hebrew root word, pronounced, shaw-law, which means to have peace - something that the world has never truly known, and will never know, "until Shiloh come; and unto him shall the gathering of the people be" (Genesis 49:10 KJV). Notice how Genesis 49:10-11 is fulfilled by what is described in Micah 4:1-4:
Source: http://www.keyway.ca/htm2011/20110909.htm"4:1 But in the last days it shall come to pass, that the mountain of the house of the LORD shall be established in the top of the mountains, and it shall be exalted above the hills; and people shall flow unto it. 4:2 And many nations shall come, and say, Come, and let us go up to the mountain of the LORD, and to the house of the God of Jacob; and he will teach us of his ways, and we will walk in his paths: for the law shall go forth of Zion, and the word of the LORD from Jerusalem [see Christ the Conqueror For Peace].4:3 And he shall judge among many people, and rebuke strong nations afar off [see Moriah: Separating The Wheat From The Chaff]; and they shall beat their swords into plowshares, and their spears into pruninghooks: nation shall not lift up a sword against nation, neither shall they learn war any more. 4:4 But they shall sit every man under his vine and under his fig tree; and none shall make them afraid: for the mouth of the LORD of hosts hath spoken it." (Micah 4:1-4 KJV)
Archaeologists say they have discovered evidence of what may be Biblical Shiloh and the resting place of the ancient Israelite Tabernacle which held the Ark of the Covenant.
According to the Bible, when the ancient Israelites led by the prophet and leader Joshua entered the Land of Israel, the city of Shiloh became the resting place of the Tabernacle which held the Ark of the Covenant. Recently, archaeologists doing excavations in Shiloh have discovered holes carved into the the rock which may indicate that the site was the location of the ancient Israelite tabernacle. These holes are similar to what could have been used to prop up temporary beams utilized for a temporary structure like the Tabernacle. Near the holes, artifacts were unearthed dating to Joshua’s time, of which one contained clay vessels and three large clay ovens. The archaeologists claimed the southwestern corner of the wall of ancient Shiloh was also unearthed.
“This is not something that was common in private residences and therefore we do not believe these structures served as family dwellings,” explained Hananya Hizmi, staff officer for archaeology in the Civil Administration of Judea and Samaria. Between the finding of the wall and these other findings, archaeologists believe that they will be able to locate the very spot where the Tabernacle once stood although the archaeologists remain cautious in drawing conclusions until their study is completed.
In the past, archaeologists discovered bones of sacrificed animals near the location where the Tabernacle was believed to have stood in Shiloh, with the dating of the bones corresponding with the Hebrew Bible. In the area of Shiloh, ceramics and Egyptian figurines were discovered, as was a beautiful ancient mosaic with a Star of David, wine and olive oil presses dating back thousands of years, remains of raisins, bathing pools and cisterns. The bathing pools are believed to have been used by the High Priests before they entered the Tabernacle.
THE TABERNACLE AT SHILOH
According to Joshua 18:1, “The whole congregation of the children of Israel assembled together at Shiloh and erected there the Tent of Assembly, and the land was conquered before them.” The Tabernacle was located within Shiloh for 369 years. The Talmud claims that during those years a more permanent structure was built to house the Ark of the Covenant. The Mishna states, “And in Shiloh there was no roof but a building of stone below and cloth above, and it was a resting place.”
The significance of Shiloh in biblical Judaism is emphasized in Deuteronomy 12:4-7, “You should not do any [act of sacrificial worship] to G-d your G-d other than at the site which G-d your G-d will choose, to place His Name there, from amongst all your tribes. You should seek out His dwelling [place in the Tabernacle at Shiloh] and come there. You should bring there your burnt-offerings, and your [obligatory peace] offerings, your tithes, [your first fruits—which are] lifted from your hand [by the priests]—your vows, your pledges, and the firstborn of your cattle and of your sheep [which are to be given to the priests.] [It is] there that you should eat [your sacrifices] before G-d your G-d. Then you and your households will rejoice in all the work of your hands. [You should bring offerings according to the means with] which G-d your G-d blesses you.”
By Rachel Avraham, staff writer for United with Israel
Shiloh, in Samaria, was the site of the first Tabernacle in Israel. Archaeologists now have found evidence that after Shilo was destroyed and Jews returned, they sacrificed even during the First Temple period.
Published: November 20th, 2013
A dramatic discovery at the ancient site of Shiloh, located in Samaria, provides the first–ever evidence that it continued to be a religious center after it was destroyed by the Philistines and Jews returned to the city, home of the Tabernacle.
The altar is thought to have been used to offer sacrifices even after the First Temple was built in Jerusalem.
The stone from the Iron Age, coinciding with the period of the first kings of Israel, was found in a wall built later in the Byzantine period.
Archaeologists think that Byzantines took the stone altar from its original site, which might have been in the same location as the Tabernacle. There are two conflicting theories on its location, one stating it is on the northern side of ancient Shiloh and the other placing it on the southern side.
Avital Faleh, administrator of the Tel Shiloh site, told The Jewish Press Wednesday that the wall was on the southern side and that it is more reasonable that the Byzantines carried the altar from nearby rather than several hundred yards, which would be the case if the Tabernacle were located on the northern side.
The stone was measured at two feet by two feet and almost 16 inches high.
Other altars used for sacrificial worship during the First Temple era have been discovered in Be’er Sheva and near Arad in the south and in Tel Dan and near Shiloh in the north. Faleh explained that the stone altar is almost identical with others that have been discovered.
The revelation on Tuesday of the discovery at Shiloh is the first evidence of post-Tabernacle sacrificial worship at the same site where the Bible states the first Tabernacle was erected after the Jews entered Israel following the Exodus from Egypt and the 40 years of living in the Sinai.
Joshua 18:1 states, “The whole congregation of the children of Israel assembled together at Shiloh and erected there the Tent of Assembly, and the land was conquered before them.” The Tabernacle remained at Shiloh for 369 years, according to the Talmud.
The Philistines went to war against the Jews, destroyed the city, and captured the Holy Ark. The Tabernacle probably had been removed before the end of the war but was not used when sacrificial offerings were later offered at two other places, Nov and Gideon, until King Solomon built the First Temple.
However, it took years before Jewish communities, especially Shiloh that was the home of the first sacrifices Israel, adjusted to the cultural and religious change.
In July, archaeologists said they believed they discovered the remains of the Biblical tabernacle site, after finding holes carved into the rock and which may have been used to hold beams for the Tabernacle.
The Clay Pitcher above is evidence of Shiloh's destruction
The Jewish Press reported here in January, that the discovery of an uncovered broken clay pitcher, embedded in a layer of reddish ashes, is from the time of the devastation of Shiloh, offering detailed evidence of the destruction.
Shiloh was the most significant religious center for Israel before the Philistines destroyed it. The Jewish people offered mandatory sacrifices, and it was there that lots were cast for tribal areas and the cities of the Levites.
Deuteronomy 12:4-7, states, “You should not do any [act of sacrificial worship] to God, your God, other than at the site which God, your God will choose, to place His Name there, from amongst all your tribes. You should seek out His dwelling [place in the Tabernacle at Shiloh] and come there. You should bring there your burnt offerings, and your [obligatory peace] offerings, your tithes, [first fruits] lifted from your hand [by the priests]—your vows, your pledges, and the firstborn of your cattle and of your sheep [which are to be given to the priests]. [It is] there that you should eat [your sacrifices] before God your God. Then you and your households will rejoice in all the work of your hands. [You should bring offerings according to the means with] which God, your God, blesses you.”